Share

Old Testament Prophecy of Jesus' Death and Resurrection on the Third Day

Where Is the Old Testament Prophecy of Jesus’ Death and Resurrection on the Third Day?

Paul wrote that “Christ died for our sins [and] was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures” (1 Corinthians 15:3-4). The Old Testament doesn’t just prophesy that Jesus would die and be raised; it also prophesies that he would be raised on the third day. Where is the Old Testament prophecy of Jesus’ death and resurrection on the third day? There are four possibilities.

A-Father-Offers-His-Son-Author-Scott-LaPierre
A father offers his son audiobook cover

The text in this post is from A Father Offers His Son: The True and Greater Sacrifice Revealed Through Abraham and Isaac, and the audio is from the accompanying audiobook. I am praying God uses the book and audiobook to exalt Christ and strengthen people’s relationships with Him!

Growing up we had a handful of movies on VHS tapes. I feel old knowing some of you don’t even know what VHS tapes are. One of the movies we had was Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. I don’t know how often I watched this movie, but it was a lot. Let me tell you how it ended.

The dying Khan activated a bomb that would blow up his ship and the nearby Starship Enterprise, finally delivering his revenge against Captain Kirk. The Enterprise’s engine was damaged, so it couldn’t enter warp speed and escape the explosion. With the lives of all the crew in jeopardy, Spock entered the nuclear reactor to restore power to the warp drive so the ship could escape. In the process, he was exposed to a lethal dose of radiation.

When Kirk realized Spock was missing, he ran to the engine room, where he saw his friend within minutes of death. Spock used his last words to ask Kirk if the ship was out of danger. Then he said, “The needs of the many outweigh…” Kirk interrupted to say: “the needs of the few,” showing he learned from his logical friend. And then Spock added, “Or the one. I have been and always shall be your friend.” Spock made the Vulcan salute, which Kirk mirrored, uttered, “Live long and prosper,” and then died. Spock died for his friends, and our minds could even go to Jesus’s words:

John 15:13 Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his life for his friends.

You don’t have to worry about Spock, though, because he only stayed dead until the beginning of Star Trek III: The Search for Spock. Spock rose from the dead, and the filmmakers wanted to make him look so much like Jesus there was even an empty coffin complete with nearby burial clothes paralleling Jesus’ empty tomb and burial clothes.

Resurrections are common in fiction. J.R.R. Tolkien has a clear resurrection in The Lord of the Rings. The wizard, Gandalf the Grey, dies only to return to life as the more powerful Gandalf the White.

Tolkien’s friend and fellow author, C.S. Lewis, has a clear resurrection in The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe. Aslan the Lion, a picture of Jesus, the Lion of the Tribe of Judah, sacrificed himself to save Edmund. Then, Aslan returned to life and defeated his enemy, the White Witch, I suspect picturing the way Jesus’s death and resurrection defeated the devil.

The Gospel’s Two Essential Elements

I might sound like a fan of resurrections in fiction, but I wouldn’t say that’s the case. My biggest problem is that, with only a few exceptions, people are borrowing from Christianity without being Christian. There are allusions to Christ, but there’s no Christ. Nobody will be saved from these portrayals because they lack the essential elements of the gospel.

Paul presents the essential elements in 1 Corinthians 15:3-4. If you want to remember different chapters in the Bible, this is the Resurrection Chapter. We’ll focus on verses 3 and 4, but let’s start at verse one for context:

1 Corinthians 15:1 Now I would remind you, brothers, of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand, 2 and by which you are being saved, if you hold fast to the word I preached to youunless you believed in vain. 3a For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received:

Notice Paul said he delivered the gospel he received. Or you could say he delivered what was delivered to him. Paul did not come up with the gospel. Instead, he is a link in the long chain of people who have been preaching the gospel since its inception back in the Garden of Eden at the fall.1

Also, notice Paul said the gospel is “of first importance.” There are many important things to learn, such as love, forgiveness, service, and giving, but nothing is more important than learning the gospel. So, what is the gospel? Paul tells us the two essential elements in the rest of verse three and then in verse four.

First, Jesus Died for Our Sins

1 Corinthians 15:3b that Christ died for our sins,

God is just, which means he must punish every sin that has ever been committed. If even one sin escaped his punishment, he could be mostly just but not perfectly just. The Gospel allows God to be merciful and just:

  • He can be merciful because he gave his Son, Jesus Christ, to take the punishment our sins deserve.
  • He can be just because our sins are still punished.

We must choose whether to be punished for our sins or repent and believe in Jesus so he takes the punishment for us. Romans 6:23 says, “the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.” Because the wages, or consequences of sin, is death, our sin must result in a death. There must be a death for our sin. Either we die for our sins, or as the verse says, Christ died for our sins.

Psalm 22 Prophecies of Jesus’ Death

1 Corinthians 15:3c in accordance with the Scriptures,

Before the New Testament was written, the Old Testament was called the Scriptures. So, Paul is saying the Old Testament prophesied that Jesus would die for our sins. I will share three verses from each of the two passages that most clearly prophesy of Jesus’s death—Psalm 22 and Isaiah 53—but each chapter contains much more than three prophecies. You’ll also see that most of the verses have accompanying New Testament verses identifying them as prophecies.

Psalm 22:1 My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, from the words of my groaning?

David wrote this at a low point in his life. We know it is a prophecy about Jesus because he said these words on the cross:

Matthew 27:46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”

Later in the Psalm, David wrote:

Psalm 22:16 For dogs encompass me; a company of evildoers encircles me; they have pierced my hands and feet.

Piercing his hands and feet refers to the crucifixion itself. The dogs encompassing Jesus and evildoers encircling him were those at the foot of the cross mocking and ridiculing him:

Luke 23:35 The rulers scoffed at him, saying, “He saved others; let him save himself, if he is the Christ of God, his Chosen One!” 36 The soldiers also mocked him, coming up and offering him sour wine 37 and saying, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!”

A few verses later:

Psalm 22:18 They divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.

They did this with Jesus’s clothing when he was crucified. This verse is quoted in Matthew, Luke, and John, but I’ll read just from John:

John 19:24 [the Roman soldiers] said to one another, “Let us not tear [his garment], but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture (referring to Psalm 22:18) which says, “They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.”[v]2

Isaiah 53 Prophecies of Jesus’ Death

Let me share a few verses from Isaiah 53:

Isaiah 53:5 He was pierced for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his wounds we are healed…11 he shall bear their iniquities.

This is quoted in:

1 Peter 2:24 He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. By his wounds you have been healed.

The next verse in Isaiah 53:

Isaiah 53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turnedevery oneto his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

This is quoted in the next verse in 1 Peter 2:

1 Peter 2:25 For you were straying like sheep, but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.

The next verse in Isaiah 53:

Isaiah 53:9 And they made his grave with the wicked and with a rich man in his death, although he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth.

This is also quoted in 1 Peter 2:

1 Peter 2:22 He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth.3

Second, Jesus Was Raised from the Dead

1 Corinthians 15:4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures,

The second essential element of the gospel is Jesus was raised on the third day. First Corinthians 15:3 and 4 conclude with the phrase “in accordance with the Scriptures” because the Old Testament prophesied of Jesus’ death and resurrection.

Isaiah 53 is most often associated with Jesus’s death, but there is a prophecy about his resurrection. I’m going to insert Jesus’s name to make the prophecy clearer:

Isaiah 53:10 It was the will of the Lord to crush [Jesus]; [the Lord] has put [Jesus] to grief; when [Jesus’] soul makes an offering for guilt, [JESUS] SHALL SEE HIS OFFSPRING; [THE LORD] SHALL PROLONG [JESUS’] DAYS; the will of the Lord shall prosper in [Jesus’] hand.

Jesus did not have physical offspring, but he has spiritual offspring, and he would see them AFTER being put to death. How could that happen? It says God the Father would “prolong his days,” referring to the resurrection. We know Jesus saw his offspring after his resurrection during the forty days. until his ascension That’s the main point of verses 5 through 8:

1 Corinthians 15:5 and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. 6 Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep. 7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. 8 Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me.

Psalm 16 also prophesies of Jesus’ resurrection. This is another Psalm David wrote, but we read it as though Jesus is speaking through David:

Psalm 16:10 You will not abandon my soul to Sheol, or let your holy one see corruption.

We know this looks past David to Jesus because David’s soul remained in Sheol (Hades), and God did let his body see corruption or decay. Peter quoted this on Pentecost and applied it to Jesus and made this point:

Acts 2:25 David says concerning [Jesus], “‘I saw the Lord always before me, for he is at my right hand that I may not be shaken…27 For you will not abandon my soul to Hades, or let your Holy One see corruption…29 “Brothers, I may say to you with confidence about the patriarch David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 30 Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that he would set one of his descendants on his throne, 31 he foresaw and spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption.

In other words, Peter quoted David and said it was a prophecy about Jesus’s resurrection.4

Where Is the Old Testament Prophecy of Jesus’ Resurrection on the Third Day?

First Corinthians 15:4 says Jesus was “raised ON THE THIRD DAY in accordance with the Scriptures.” The Old Testament doesn’t just prophesy Jesus would be raised. It prophesies he would be raised on the third day. And this isn’t the only New Testament verse making this point. Jesus said something similar:

Luke 24:46, Jesus said, “THUS IT IS WRITTEN, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead THE THIRD DAY.”

When Jesus said, “Thus is it written,” he meant written, or prophesied of, in the Old Testament, that he would be raised on the third day. But here’s the thing: you could ask Christians where the Old Testament prophesies Jesus would be killed, and they will say, “Isaiah 53 and Psalm 22.” You could ask, “Where does the Old Testament prophesy Jesus would be raised?” and some Christians might say Psalm 16:10 or Isaiah 53:10.

But if you ask where the Old Testament prophesies the Messiah would be raised ON THE THIRD DAY they probably won’t be able to tell you. Why is that? Because it is not prophesied of directly.

Is it possible there’s NO Old Testament prophecy that Jesus would be raised on the third day? No, because Paul and Jesus both said it is prophesied in the Old Testament.

Considering we’re discussing Jesus’s resurrection, which, along with the crucifixion, is the most important event in human history—Paul himself said it is “of first importance”—we should know where this is prophesied. There are four possibilities, and it could be any or all of these.

The Feast of Firstfruits Is an Old Testament Prophecy of Jesus’ Resurrection on the Third Day

1 Corinthians 15:20 But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep…:23 But each in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, then at his coming those who belong to Christ.

Paul is talking about the order of the resurrection, and he says Jesus is the firstfruits of the harvest of people who will be raised.

Leviticus 23:9 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 10 “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When you come into the land that I give you and reap its harvest, you shall bring the sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest, 11 and he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, so that you may be accepted. (now notice this…) ON THE DAY AFTER THE SABBATH the priest shall wave it.

The firstfruits were presented the day after the Sabbath. Since the Sabbath is Saturday, the seventh day of the week, the day after the Sabbath would be Sunday, the first day of the week. Because Jesus is the firstfruits, and the firstfruits were presented on Sunday, this prophesies of Jesus’s resurrection on the first day of the week:

  • Jesus was crucified on the Feast of Passover – 1 Corinthians 5:7 Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.
  • Jesus was buried during the Feast of Unleavened Bread – his sinless, unleavened body was in the grave.
  • Jesus was raised on the Feast of Firstfruits.

Hosea Contains an Old Testament Prophecy of Jesus’ Resurrection on the Third Day

Hosea 5:14 For I will be like a lion to Ephraim (another name for Israel), and like a young lion to the house of Judah. I, even I, will tear and go away; I will carry off, and no one shall rescue. 15 I will return again to my place, until they acknowledge their guilt and seek my face, and in their distress earnestly seek me.

God was going to discipline or tear Israel until they repented and turned to him. Israel responded:

Hosea 6:1 “Come, let us return to the Lord; for he has torn us, that he may heal us; he has struck us down, and he will bind us up. 2 After two days he will revive us; ON THE THIRD DAY HE WILL RAISE US UP, that we may live before him.5

Israel as a Type of Christ

There’s much about Jesus in these verses, but first, let’s deal with the obvious: the verses are about Jesus, so how can we say they’re about Jesus? Israel is a type of Jesus.6 Think of what God told Moses to say to Pharaoh:

Exodus 4:22 Then you shall say to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says the Lord, ISRAEL IS MY FIRSTBORN SON,

If I said, “Who is God’s firstborn son?” you could say Israel or Jesus.

Hosea 11:1 When Israel was a child, I loved him, and out of Egypt I called my son.

If I asked, “Who did God bring up out of Egypt?” what would you say? You could say Israel or Jesus.

We know this is a prophecy about God delivering Israel from Egypt, but it’s also about God delivering Jesus from Egypt. You might recognize this from Matthew:

Matthew 2:14 And he rose and took the child and his mother by night and departed to Egypt 15 and remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet, “Out of Egypt I called my son (quoting Hosea 11:1).”

So, in Hosea’s verses, we need to look past Israel and see Jesus.7

The Veil and Jesus’ Body Torn

Hosea 5:14 says God said would “tear” Israel, and Hosea 6:2 says, “he has torn us. Think about Jesus’s body torn on the cross. When Jesus died:

Matthew 27:51 And behold, the curtain of the temple was TORN IN TWO, from top to bottom.

This showed the access we have to God because of Jesus’ sacrifice. Hebrews tells us the torn veil is a picture of Jesus’ body:

Hebrews 10:19 We have confidence to enter the holy places by the blood of Jesus, 20 by the new and living way that he opened for us THROUGH THE CURTAIN, THAT IS, THROUGH HIS FLESH.

Jesus’s sacrifice lets us enter God’s presence. When the veil was torn, it gave us access to God, like when Jesus’ body was torn, it gave us access to God. And that could very well have been prophesied in Hosea with the words, “I, will tear” and “he has torn.”

And after he is torn and struck down, it says he will be “[raised] on the third day.” This looks to the resurrection:

These words are supposed to refer to the resurrection of our Lord. The original, yekimenu, has been translated, “He will raise him up.”

Earle, Ralph. Adam Clarke’s Commentary on the Bible – Abridged. Word Publishing 1997. p. 712.

This probably also looks to our resurrections. There is a close relationship between Jesus and his people. We are “the body of Christ.” To discuss Jesus’s bodily resurrection is to discuss our bodily resurrections:

Romans 6:5 we shall certainly be united with him in a resurrection like his

So, when Hosea 6:2 says, “he will revive us…that we may live before him,” it also looks to our resurrections. Jesus is the firstfruits of the resurrection. The resurrection begins with his and ours follow.

Jonah Is an Old Testament Prophecy (or Sign) of Jesus’ Resurrection on the Third Day

During Jesus’s earthly ministry, the religious leaders asked him for a sign. Jesus told them they already had a sign:

Matthew 12:39 No sign will be given…except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

Jonah served as a “sign” of Jesus’s death, burial, and resurrection when he was swallowed by the fish.

Jonah’s “Death” and Burial

Jonah 1:17 And the Lord appointed a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS.

When Jonah was swallowed, it pictured Jesus’ death. When he was in the belly of the fish for three days and three nights, it pictured Jesus’ burial in the earth for three days and three nights. When Jonah was in the fish, the language of death is so strong you could almost wonder if Jonah was dead or alive:

Jonah 2:2 saying, “I called out to the Lord, out of my distress, and he answered me; out of the belly OF SHEOL I cried, and you heard my voice.

We would expect Jonah to say he was in the belly of the fish, but he said he was in Sheol.8

Jonah Was “Raised” on the Third Day

Jonah 2:6 at the roots of the mountains. I went down to the land whose bars closed upon me forever; yet you brought up my life from the pit, O Lord my God.

This isn’t the language of burial in the ocean. This is the language of burial in the ground. The pit is a synonym for Sheol. Jonah doesn’t talk about being brought up from the ocean. He talked about being brought up from the dead.9 All this language of death makes him sound more like Jesus.

Jonah 2:10 And the Lord spoke to the fish, and it vomited Jonah out upon the dry land.

This is Jonah’s “resurrection.” When he came out of the fish, he probably felt like he had returned from the dead and was given new life. And this happened on the third day.

Isaac Is an Old Testament Prophecy of Jesus’ Resurrection on the Third Day

When God told Abraham to sacrifice his son, Isaac, he didn’t want him to do it. We know that because the Angel stopped Abraham. Instead, he wanted to reveal what he would do with his Son 2,000 years later. So, when you read about Abraham sacrificing Isaac, you should look past Abraham and Isaac to see God the Father sacrificing his Son, Jesus Christ:

Hebrews 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tested, OFFERED UP ISAAC, and he who had received the promises was in the act of OFFERING UP HIS ONLY SON,

The ESV says “his only son,” but the NKJV says “His only begotten son,” making Isaac sound even more like Jesus. Even though Abraham didn’t sacrifice Isaac, twice it says Abraham “offered up Isaac.” This makes Isaac sound like Jesus, who was offered up.

Hebrews 11:19 He considered that God was able even to RAISE HIM FROM THE DEAD, from which, figuratively speaking, he did RECEIVE HIM BACK.

The language is incredible. It says, “God [raised Isaac] from the dead,” and Abraham “[received] him back.” You would think Isaac was sacrificed and raised if not for the words, “Figuratively speaking,” letting us know it didn’t happen. The question is: when did Isaac figuratively die and figuratively rise from the dead?

Genesis 22:1 God tested Abraham and said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” 2 He said, “Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you.”

Isaac figuratively died when God gave Abraham the command. Abraham was so determined to sacrifice Isaac that it is as though he reckoned Isaac as dead. Then Abraham traveled to Moriah to sacrifice Isaac:

Genesis 22:3 Abraham rose early in the morning…and went to the place of which God had told him. 4 ON THE THIRD DAY Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place from afar.

Because this is when the Angel stopped Abraham, it is as though Isaac was raised on the third day when they reached Moriah. So, Isaac also serves as a prophecy of Jesus’ resurrection on the third day.

Don’t Try not to Believe

I want you to have a strong foundation to believe in Jesus’s resurrection. Voddie Baucham said, “I choose to believe the Bible because it is a reliable collection of historical documents written down by eyewitnesses during the lifetime of other eyewitnesses. They reported supernatural events that took place in fulfillment of specific prophecies and claimed that their writings are divine rather than human in origin.”

Consider:

  • Jonah was written 500 years before Jesus was born.
  • Isaiah 53 was written 700 years before Jesus was born.
  • Hosea 6 was written 800 years before Jesus was born.
  • Psalm 22 was written 1,000 years before Jesus was born.
  • Genesis 22 was written 1500 years before Jesus was born.

There is no disputing this. Even atheists know this is true. To see this level of specific prophecy (which I only scratched the surface of) written centuries before it was fulfilled means that to deny Jesus’ resurrection is to CHOOSE to deny the truth. And how bad is that?

If you choose not to believe in Jesus’s death, burial, and resurrection, you’re still dead in your trespasses and sins. You’ll take the punishment for your sins by spending eternity in hell, versus Jesus taking that punishment for you.

But this doesn’t have to be the case! God loves you, and he doesn’t want to punish you for your sins. He’s willing to pour out the wrath that you deserve on his only begotten Son:

John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.

Footnotes
  1. In Galatians 1:11-12 Paul explained how he received the gospel: “For I would have you know, brothers, that the gospel that was preached by me is not man’s gospel. For I did not receive it from any man, nor was I taught it, but I received it through a revelation of Jesus Christ.” Paul refers to his supernatural experience on the road to Damascus when Jesus appeared to him.
  2. Matthew 27:35 reads, “And when they had crucified him, they divided his garments among them by casting lots,” and Luke 23:34 reads, “Jesus said, ‘Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.’ And they cast lots to divide his garments.
  3. Also, Isaiah 53:7 reads, “He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he opened not his mouth.” The Ethiopian eunuch was reading Isaiah 53:7: “Now the passage of the Scripture that he was reading was this: ‘Like a sheep he was led to the slaughter and like a lamb before its shearer is silent, so he opens not his mouth.” The Ethiopian didn’t understand the verse, so Philip explained it to him and applied it to Jesus.
  4. Paul also quoted Psalm 16:10 and made the same point in Acts 8:36-37: “For David, after he had served the purpose of God in his own generation, fell asleep and was laid with his fathers and saw corruption, but he whom God raised up did not see corruption.
  5. The words “may live in His sight” are like Isaiah 53:10, which says, “He shall prolong His days.”
  6. Isaiah 49:3 And he said to me, “You are my servant, Israel, in whom I will be glorified.”
  7. Hosea 6:1 says, “he has struck us down,” pointing to Jesus, who, according to Isaiah 53:4, was “stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted.”
  8. This makes the typology with Jesus very strong because Jesus was in Sheol, too. Psalm 16:10 reads, “For you will not abandon my soul to Sheol, or let your holy one see corruption.”
  9. Jonah anticipated being “brought up,” or raised, just like Jesus anticipated his resurrection. Jesus said, “You will not abandon my soul to Sheol, or let your holy one see corruption.”

62 Responses

  1. Wonderful information. I learned new things that I can’t believe I missed about finding the resurrection in the Old Testament. I am going to share this info with others!

    On a side note, I had to stop reading the negative comments. It makes me sad to read that so many are lost.

  2. I think this is weak sauce. I read these texts with an honest assessment and don’t think they are related to the prophetic Messiah. I came across this as I have been listening to many apologists try to claim that the proof of the resurrection is quite strong. I think the proof of Jesus’ existence is strong. That’s probably it. The resurrection was a convenient way to explain why the Messiah is *gone* now. Of course, those texts are written after all of this supposedly happened, and those are no more of a prophecy than me saying COVID was going to happen in 2020. One of the weaknesses of the argument is that there were guards at the tomb, which would be quite odd, and that tells me they were concerned about the theft of the body. When you take away the exaggerations that people add to the mix, it seems that the evidence is quite poor. Of course, it’s easy to assemble a prophetic concept after the fact, as the Gospel writers had the opportunity to do.

    1. Hello Ben,
      Nice to hear from you. If I understand your comment, you don’t disagree with these passages supporting Jesus being resurrected on the third day. Instead, do you disagree with Jesus being resurrected at all? To better understand you, do you agree that the Bible repeatedly states Jesus was resurrected?
      I’m not sure if you completely understand my post. I wasn’t arguing for Jesus’ resurrection. I was explaining where the Old Testament prophesies that it would occur on the third day.

      1. Hello Scott,
        Could it be the resurrection was not clearly prophesied to throw Satan off? He was happy with the crucifixion but didn’t realize our Lord just “crushed his head.” Any thoughts?

        1. Hello Gisele,
          That could be. I haven’t thought about that before. I would be hesitant to say that’s the case without having Scripture to support the idea. But I think it’s fine if it’s mentioned as a possibility. It is clear that it resulted in Satan’s defeat when he thought it would be a victory.

      2. I can’t help laughing at the stupidity of this article in its attempt to SAVE Jesus. Isaiah 53:10 is about Israel and the “offspring/Seed” is the children of Israel. Jesus is unmarried and thus is childless. When you do not observe the rules LAID DOWN by God about His words and how to interpret them you get a silly article like this. There is no Jesus in the Tanakh, not even his Virgin Birth or Resurrection.

        1. Hello Joseph,
          We know that Scripture talks about children and offspring spiritually versus physically. Jesus did as much in John 8 when he told the religious leaders their father was the devil. But I’m guessing you don’t put faith in the New Testament. So, let’s use the Old Testament. In Genesis 3:15 God talked to the devil and referred to his offspring.
          Isaiah 7:14 is a clear Old Testament prophecy of the virgin birth. Genesis 3:15 is as well because women don’t have seed.
          Isaiah 53, along with Psalm 22, have numerous prophecies about a suffering Messiah. Because you have rejected Jesus, you choose to apply these passages to Israel, but there are numerous reasons they can’t apply to Israel. If you want to hear those reasons, please let me know.

    2. This is nonsense. They had these facts too early and didn’t have time to make it up while running for their lives. It stands to reason that in the 40 days Jesus showed up, he explained all this to help them understand. Also, it stands to reason that the ones putting him to death would have known that a Messiah was to rise. That is more of a reason to post guards. They wanted to say I told you so if they stole the body. But the fact that there were guards shown not only in the Bible but through historians weighing in in their writing that the body was not stolen. And if it wasn’t stolen, why has no one produced it? I can tell you that it’s because he is alive. Not to mention that some of the ones who killed him also became believers. And take Paul, please tell me what he gained for coming to faith. Did he get the ladies? The money? The fame? Or did he just get jailed and killed for it? He had it all before he converted why the change?

  3. An Islamic scholar once challenged anyone to quote any scripture from the Old Testament that supports the claims of Jesus’ resurrection. This article clearly answered all the questions about Jesus Christ’s 🙏 triumph over death. Now I understand why the secrets and mysteries of God are revealed to those that fear him and that the carnal man cannot receive the things of God for they are foolishness unto him. No one can decipher this truth and revelation except the Holy Spirit lives in you.

    Thanks Scott 🙏

  4. Hello Gary,
    The most reason Christians (I don’t like the word) have NO clue to any dates. For one reason it is the same as it has always been, the Jews temple was burned to the ground in 70ad and the records of all male’s (first born’s) were kept in the temple records. These records would include the tribe from which one came, the birthdate, the circumcision according to the law of childbirth, it would also include the date one began in the priesthood which was normally began around 19/20 years old. If one knows these dates it can be figured as to other things mentioned in the scriptures, including the birth, death and resurrection. It can also be determined the end of our 2 days and our 3rd day. Blessings

  5. Christ b: Tishri 1, 3737 // September 12/13, 25bce
    d: Nisan 14, 3786 // April 19, 26 ad
    r: Sivan 6, 3786 // June 9, 26ad
    The year 3786 was a High Sabbath, a Jubilee.
    There is more if you are interested, signs, with scripture.

  6. Scott and everyone,

    Jesus SAVED us by showing us THE WAY to be AT ONE with AGAPE (Spirit Parents) LOVE for every INDIVIDUAL BEING. Simply put, you were born so God could Love another Being.

    Evolution is to adopt a SPIRITUAL PERSPECTIVE, while on earth, and see even our perceived ENEMIES as our forever Spirit Siblings. Each of us must become AWARE and REALIZE the undeniability of Righteousness and Loves TRUTHS. Eventually, each of us will willingly ‘rise from the ashes of confusion’ and ‘see the light’ of RIGHTEOUSNESS and LOVE. Con-fusion is a temporary condition within the no boundaries of eternity. Fusion is inevitable. The lost are bound to be found.

    MARK 10:18 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but ONE, that is, God. Jesus is a messenger from our Spirit Parents. ‘At one with’ means ‘on the same page with’ or ‘in agreement with’.

    We have temporarily become individual mortal beings so we can discover, evolve and become emotionally intelligent immortal beings forever!

    To your Spiritual Parent(s), you are quite literally priceless!
    Love and hate were destined to be 100% challenged but eventually 100% understood.
    To have successful eternal relationships forever, Love had to be exposed now.
    Love is far more than simply an unexplainable feeling.

    Understanding why Love cares is all-powerful!
    Waters wonder is revealed when it quenches thirst. Love quenches an even greater thirst!

    To our Spirit Parents, you and I are lost (not understanding so not trusting Agape Love, yet). We are in need of becoming found (being ‘at one’ with our Source Agape Loving Energy)!

    ‘Lost’ means not yet understanding or felt being Love(d) 100%, yet.
    ‘Found’ means understanding you are being Loved 100%.

    Heaven is not a gate you enter. Heaven is a perfect Love waiting for you to know then be ‘at one’ with.

    1. Ed,
      You quoted at least one verse from the Bible, which leads me to believe you believe the Bible, or at least part of it. I have to tell you that most of your comment cannot be found in Scripture and conflicts with most of Scripture. I’m almost not sure where to begin. Are you saying agape means spirit parents?

      Can you tell me what you mean by spirit parents? Also, do you see any Bible verses to support this idea?

  7. Scott,
    Thank you for your writings as I can tell and feel your passion from God is 🔥

    What you have done to Gary is planted the seed of Christ in he’s heart, and I can tell that Gary wants to believe and theology teaches us that everyman has a sense of God sooner or later Gary will see what we see and a mere date will have no conclusion or meaning when the love of Christ has been revealed to Gary…

    Gary,
    Read the bible God will speak to your heart ♥ and he will answer all of your questions intimately just you and him you don’t need us; God has drawn you to him you know this! It’s him who draws you to his son, he loves you he always has, and has been waiting for you Gary, he knows you every hair on your head.

    Deuteronomy chapter 29 verse 29 will answer your question about the dates and if it was recorder or not it will become irrelevant after you read this, but really get into it and absorb what God is saying, and remember Gary God is a spirit if you wish to speak to him, you must not with your mind but your heart will lead you to him spiritually.

    Thanks, Scott, for all of your hard work, and may God be with all of he’s people.

  8. Hello Mr. LaPierre,
    This article has given me a different perspective on the book of Jonah specifically and in addition to the other claims you wrote about. In addition, I did read most of the comments about dates concerning Christ, and I will say that, proving Christ’s divinity through dates isn’t as important as deciding where you would like to spend your eternity, and thinking about those we love and encouraging them to make that same discussion. The Word of God tells us that “God chose the foolish things of the world to shame the wise; God chose the weak things of the world to shame the strong.”

    I believe that your readers are one step away from their Jesus experience! 🙂

    Nothing is by coincidence, “And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose. For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters. And those he predestined, he also called; those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified.” ‭‭Romans‬ ‭8‬:‭28‬-‭30‬

    Could shed some light on the dates of our Savior 🙏🏽.

    1. Hello Ladana,
      I’m glad my post ministered to you. If I understand you, you are saying that dates pale in comparison to recognizing Jesus is the Messiah and putting your faith in Him? If so, I completely agree.

    1. Gary,
      I highly discourage people from going by feelings as they come and go and can be deceitful. We need to hold to the truths in God’s Word. To me, it is not an issue of what I feel or experience day-to-day. What matters is what God says in Scripture.

      1. Hi Scott,

        “It seems” sounds like you are guessing.

        Three hours of total darkness, a great earthquake, the veil of the Holy of Holies rips down the middle, angels descend from heaven to appear to and talk to several people, dozens if not hundreds of graves are shaken open, the dead in those graves come back to life and walk the streets of a major city of the Roman empire, God the Creator rises from the dead and appears to over 500 people, often in large groups and then levitates into the clouds in front of one of those groups…yet… no one bothered to record the date of this earth-shattering event. Don’t you find that odd?

        1. Hello Gary,
          Yes, I said “seems,” because we don’t know for sure. Here’s one article on a site I trust explaining the dilemma: How is the date for Easter determined?.

          The date of Jesus’s resurrection is insignificant, compared to the reality of the Resurrection. If God wanted us to know the date, we would. What matters is that it happened versus when it happens.

        2. You forget that the Jews had a different calendar than the Romans did. For most purposes, we use a modified Roman calendar. I can tell you that it was Nisan 16 of the year 483 years after the decree to rebuild Jerusalem.

      2. Christians claim that a man who lived 2000 years ago is the creator of the universe, ruler of the cosmos, and that after his public execution, he rose from the dead and appeared to over 500 people. Yet they don’t have the dates of his birth, his death, his supernatural resurrection, or any of the post-death appearances to crowds of dozens and even hundreds of eyewitnesses. Not one single date.

        And we are not talking about the Stone Age. People kept records in the first century of the Roman Empire. They weren’t cavemen. They weren’t idiots. Don’t Christians claim that first century Jews were meticulous about keeping records?

        Why don’t Christians know the date of birth of the “King of Kings”???

      3. Good morning, Scott. Thanks for replying to my comments.

        My point is this: Christians don’t know the exact date or even the year of the birth of their Lord and Savior, the King of Kings, the ruler of the universe. Mary, his mother, either didn’t bother to tell anyone in the Church, the Church didn’t find his birth date that important and forgot, or she forgot. All of those options seems very unlikely. If the Romans could remember the exact birthdates of their kings (Caesars), I would think Christians would consider it important to remember theirs.

        But maybe you are right. Maybe Jesus’ birth date is not important. But surely the exact date of his death and resurrection would be remembered, right? No. Christians do not know the dates of these two events either. They are forced to guess. Why? We are not talking about the Stone Age. People kept records in the first century. Christians claim that first century Jews were meticulous record keepers. Allegedly they remembered several of Jesus’ very long sermons word for word and recorded them. So are we really to believe that these meticulous record keepers forgot to record the birthdate, date of death, and most importantly of all, the date of the Resurrection???

        Come on, Scott. If any other religion made such fantastical claims about their god but couldn’t provide records that demonstrate the exact year of these alleged events you would laugh and hand wave away their preposterous claims. Why? Answer: Because their story has all the markings of a legend! So why do you believe the Christian stories? They too have all the markings of legends. Jesus may well have existed, but the stories about him have all the markings of legends.

        Here is my point:

        1. Gary,
          First, you claim that we don’t know the exact date. I gave you the suspected date. No, we don’t know for sure, but it is likely accurate. I gave you links to two posts explaining why we can’t hold to the date with absolute certainty.

          Second, Christianity is not built on the certainty of a date or dates. You are looking at one small factor and using it to cast doubt on all of Christianity. That is absurd. It would take more than the absence of a date or two to discredit Christianity.

          Third, no, the date of His death and resurrection also is not required for Christianity to be true. The death and resurrection themselves are required for Christianity to be true.

          Fourth, no, the account of Jesus’s life does not have all the markings of a legend. What legend completely changed our world? What legend led so many first Century Christians, and others throughout church history, to die for what they believed in?

          How do you know Abraham Lincoln lived? You never saw him. You believe because of the historical evidence and the effect his life had. The same is true with Jesus. The historical evidence and the effect His life had is evidence.

        2. “The death and resurrection themselves are required for Christianity to be true.”

          Correct, but what is the evidence that a first century brain-dead corpse was resurrected and appeared in bodily form to over 500 people.

          –No one recorded even the year of this fantastical, earth-shattering event, let alone the exact date.
          –We have not one single, undisputed eyewitness statement of anyone describing seeing a walking, talking resurrected fist century body. Not one. The closest thing Christians have is the statement of Paul of Tarsus in Galatians in which he states, “have I not seen the Christ”? No description whatsoever of what he allegedly saw. I know Christians will argue that experts are wrong about the non-eyewitness status of the Gospels, but it doesn’t matter. The fact remains that the eyewitness status of these authors and of the stories within their books is DISPUTED. Disputed evidence is not good evidence.

          Imagine someone claiming to be an eyewitness to an auto accident, but a significant percentage of experts are of the opinion that the witness in question was 1,000 miles away on the date of the accident! The testimony of this witness is not going to be taken seriously. And that is exactly the type of evidence that Christians have! Expert contested, disputed testimony.

          The fact that a supernatural tale has a lot of believers is not evidence that the tale is true. Just look at Islam, Hinduism, and Mormonism. Just because the believers of a supernatural tale are willing to die attesting to the veracity of that supernatural tale is not evidence that it is true. Christians assume that the disciples were either lying or telling the truth. There is a third option: The sightings of Jesus involved illusions, delusions, and false sightings. The disciples sincerely believed that Jesus had appeared to them. But they were sincerely MISTAKEN.

        3. Gary,
          If I am understanding you, it sounds like it comes down to evidence of Jesus’s resurrection and without a date (although I did provide you with a likely date) you don’t believe there’s enough evidence.

          There’s lots of evidence in Scripture, such as the empty tomb, the women who were witnesses, the large number of people who saw the resurrected Christ, the apostles’ spiritual transformations, Paul’s conversion. These are evidences in Scripture that I’m guessing might not have much credibility with you, but there are plenty of evidences outside of Scripture. Take for instance the number of individuals willing to be martyred for their faith in those early centuries, the history of the church itself including its spread and effect on the world. There is also Sunday worship which is continued for the last 2000 years and shows no sign of stopping. There’s early church father’s writings. These evidences and others have no natural explanation. If the resurrection didn’t cause the growth and spread of Christianity, then what did?

        4. The “evidence” you claim is in Scripture is not corroborated by ANY non-Christian source, Scott.

          If conservative Christians are correct that there exist multiple written eyewitness sources which record a day in the first half of the first century CE in which three hours of darkness occurred in a major city of the Roman Empire (Jerusalem), in the middle of the afternoon, accompanied by a great earthquake which ripped the Temple veil in two and shook open dozens if not hundreds of graves, AND, the dead within those graves reportedly came back to life and roamed the streets of the city, all on the same day that a major Jewish messiah-pretender is personally tried, convicted, and executed by the Roman governor Pontius Pilate…why don’t ancient or modern historians acknowledge these dramatic events in their history texts as historical facts?

          “They are biased against the supernatural!” conservative Christian apologists will often counter.

          Really??

          –The execution of a famous person by another famous person does not involve the supernatural.
          –Eclipses of the sun do not involve the supernatural.
          –Earthquakes do not involve the supernatural.
          –Tombs being cracked opened by an earthquake do not involve the supernatural.

          Yet this three hour long eclipse of the sun (nor the accompanying earthquake), allegedly witnessed and recorded by multiple Christian eyewitnesses, is not found in the writings of any non-Christian author or historian in Antiquity nor is it found today in public university history textbooks as an historical fact! Why, conservative Christians? Bias against the supernatural?? You can’t blame bias against the supernatural because the above events have occurred frequently throughout human history without anyone claiming supernatural involvement!

          “But there are records of eclipses of the sun in the first half of the first century AD. One of these could be the eclipse mentioned in the Gospels,” conservative Christian apologists will respond.

          No. It was a THREE HOUR total eclipse of the sun. Total eclipses of the sun last less than eight minutes. No one but a complete moron would confuse an eight minute eclipse with a three hour eclipse. If there had been a three hour eclipse of the sun one day in the early first century CE, someone, somewhere, would have recorded this fantastical, un-heard of solar event. But no one did. Not the Romans. Not the Egyptians. Not the Greeks. Not the Mayans. Not the Persians. Not the Chinese. No one recorded a three hour total eclipse of the sun!

          “Well, the authors were probably embellishing the amount of time, ” some apologists will then claim.

          Aha! So, dear conservative Christian apologist, you admit that the Gospel authors were embellishing their stories! Excellent observation! Now, what other parts of this tall tale did they embellish??

          These preposterous claims are not found anywhere in the non-Christian writings of Antiquity. Modern history text books do not record these alleged events as historical facts because there is no corroborating evidence for these Christian claims. These claims are only found in Christian texts, written by authors whose admitted agenda was “so that you might believe” and whose identity and eyewitness status is hotly contested by scholars. Bottom line: If these fantastical events did occur on one weekend in the first half of the first century CE, there should be some corroborating evidence. But there isn’t.

          The evidence for the Resurrection is poor, poor, poor.

          This story has all the characteristics of a tall tale. A legend.

        5. Gary,
          You wrote:

          The “evidence” you claim is in Scripture is not corroborated by ANY non-Christian source, Scott.

          I said that the evidences in Scripture would probably not have much credibility with you, so I gave you other evidences. You are saying history doesn’t support Christian martyrs? There is no evidence for a Christian church over the last 2000 years? You think the early church father’s writings are imaginary?

          Also, you said there is no evidence from historians. Josephus is at least one historian records Jesus’s crucifixion and resurrection.

          You mentioned other people not recording the eclipse, such as the Mayans and Chinese. I’ve always thought the eclipse was localized as is the case with all eclipses. I’ve never heard of an eclipse that blocks out the sun…for everyone on the earth.

          No, I do not think the authors were embellishing the amount of time. I think, as Luke wrote in the introduction to his gospel, that they were striving to provide accurate historical accounts under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.

        6. Both the Talmud and the writings of the Jewish historian, Josephus, wrote about Jesus and his death. Do some looking online and you can read it for yourself. There are others but those are two that I know of. These are things you could have found yourself but I suspect you are not looking for reasons to believe. Rather, you are looking for reasons to doubt. Sincerely search and you will find them…and Him.

  9. Hello my Brother,
    Wishing you are doing well. Don’t forget that our Lord is always praying at any time for us. Challenge is just a test.

  10. Thank you. The article as well as the comments are enlightening! Jesus is the very Word itself – He is the Word. He places great importance on every jot and tittle, and by each word jot and tittle he reveals Himself to us who study the Word. So it makes perfect sense that the whole, taken together, is the prophecy of suffering and resurrection in triumph.

  11. Here is a more extensive explanation of my previous comment:

    ‘All three of these days, the fourteenth, the fifteenth, and the sixteenth are called festivals by Philo. The fourteenth is called Pascha and begins at noon until evening. The fifteenth is a holy day and is the first day of unleavened bread. These days are called the Paschal feast, and the day following the fifteenth is also a festival when the sheaf of first fruits is brought to the altar. (Philo, Special Laws II, xxvii–xxvix)’

    These three days help us to understand this Scripture by the apostle Paul, ‘For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the Scriptures.’ (1 Cor.15:3-4).

    That is to say, that Jesus was crucified on the 14th day in the Passover week when the Passover lambs were slain in the Temple. Jesus was buried on the 15th day, which was the first day of the feast of unleavened bread, which was a holy Sabbath day. On the 16th day, the ‘morrow’ after this holy Sabbath day, the sheaf of firstfruits was waved in the Temple; on this day, Jesus was raised from the dead.

    These days originate from the following Scriptures of Leviticus 23: “In the first month on the fourteenth of the month, toward evening [between the two evenings] is passover to the Lord.” ‘And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread to the Lord; seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day a holy convocation shall be to you; any servile work you shall not do.” “…then you shall bring the sheaf of the first of your harvest unto the priest. And he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord for your acceptance; on the morrow after the rest day [the first day] the priest shall wave it.” (Lev.23:5; 6-7; 13-14, Joseph Magil Hebrew version)

    Earlier in the same letter to the church of Corinth, the apostle Paul writes of the fourteenth and fifthteenth days: “For Christ our Passover lamb was sacrificed for us. Therefore, let us keep the feast, not with the old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.” (1 Cor.5:7-8).The apostle Paul speaks of the 16th day in this same epistle to the church of Corinth: “But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruit of the ones having fallen asleep.” (1 Cor.15:20)

    1. Hello again Thomas,
      Thank you for explaining in greater detail.

      I’m sorry, but I’m not familiar with Philo, you mentioned in your previous, as well.

      You did a fantastic job concisely explaining how each of these feasts, Passover, Unleavened bread, and Firstfruits look forward to Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection. If you’d like to listen to the sermons I preached on this, please let me know. God bless!

  12. To understand the third day one must read what the apostle Paul writes, “he was crucified according to scripture, was buried, and raised again the third day.” The 14th day was the Passover, the 15th day was the first day of unleavened bread and is a Sabbath holy day, the 16th day is the waving of the firstfruit in the temple. Jesus was crucified on Passover, buried on the 15th day, and rose again on the 16th day, the third day as the firstfruit from the dead. The first two days are recorded in the gospels, the third day is explained by the apostle Paul as being the firstfruit from the dead. These three days are outlined in Lev.23 as well in the writings of Philo, the first century Jew of the Torah.

    1. Hello Thomas,
      A few years ago I preached on the seven feasts in Leviticus 23. It was a blessing for me. I taught that each of the feasts look forward to Christ, including in the ways you described. In particular, the Passover looked forward to Christ as our Passover Lamb, that he was buried during Unleavened Bread, and that he was the Firstfruits of the resurrection. If you are saying that the first three feasts also serve as a prophecy of Christ being raised on the third day, I agree with you. Thank you for sharing this!

  13. Bravo, Scott. Very astute typological interpretations of a difficult context: his burial and resurrection. Both Jesus and Paul clearly state these matters as prophesied. So, if they are anywhere, these are the passages. Jonah clearly, through Jesus’s own words. Good work!!

  14. Sorry, I have to agree with Roger. The fact is that there is no specific scripture that discusses the Christ suffering and being raised on the third day. However, when you take all of the Messianic prophesies and put them together, especially the ones specifically mentioned by Jesus (i.e.- Jonah), it makes it clear that the Christ would be crucified (Isaiah), be entombed three days, etc. That is what Jesus is saying in Luke 24:46; it’s the combination of scriptures, not just one. The references you give to Genesis and Hosea are, as Roger says, a real stretch. But I sure give you credit for trying!

    1. T.K. Paoli,
      Thank you for reading and commenting.

      There is no difficulty finding versus prophesying the Messiah would die. You said a combination of scriptures (versus one scripture) make clear that he would be raised on the third day. Can you please Tell me what verses you are referring to, because you believe the verses I mentioned are a stretch?

    2. Anyone who has read Lev.23:5-11 carefully will see that there are three specific days in the first three days of Passover week. The 14th day (which is the day the Passover lamb is sacrificed), the 15th day (which is the first day of Unleavened Bread, and a high Sabbath day, following Jesus’ death and burial before sunset), and the 16th day which is the morning after the high Sabbath day, when a sheaf of firstfruits were waved in the Temple.

      Jesus was raised from the dead on the 16th day, the third day according to the Scriptures of Leviticus 23:5-11. And he rightfully is called not only the Passover lamb who was slain on the 14th day, but is also called the ‘firstfruits from the dead’ who was raised on the 16th day of Passover, which in that year was a Sunday.

    1. Roger,
      Thanks for reading and commenting.

      If I understand you it sounds like you think some of the prophecies are a stretch? Can you let me know specifically what didn’t sit well with you?

      Thanks,
      Scott

    2. As with many other writings there is one truth that God intends that all understand so they can be of one mind, or unified.

      1. Hello B. Goddard,
        I’m sorry, but I’m a little confused by your comment. Is the gospel the one truth you are referring to that God intends all understand? If so, this allows us to be of one mind or unified with believers, but it does divide us from unbelievers. Jesus spoke numerous times about the division the gospel causes. If you mean something besides the gospel, please let me know.

Do you have a question or thought? If so, please let me know. I do my best to respond to each comment.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Subscribe to Scott's Podcast
Subscribe to Scott's Newsletter

… and receive a free ebook. 
You can unsubscribe anytime.

Newsletter subscription for Scott LaPierre with Seven Biblical Insights