I Have Learned in All Things to Be Content (Philippians 4:11-13)

I Have Learned in All Things to Be Content (Philippians 4:11-13)

In Philippians 4:11, Paul wrote, “I have learned in all things to be content.” Sometimes, we look at people and think, “It must be nice to be them. They are so content. I wish I were like that. Sadly, God made me a miserable, discontent person.” However, contentment is not something fortunate people are born with, while others are not. Instead, content must be learned.

On January 12, 2013, the number 4-seeded Baltimore Ravens (10-6) played on the road against the number 1-seeded Denver Broncos (13-3) during the NFL Divisional Playoffs. The Broncos, who had defeated the Ravens earlier in the season, were heavily favored to win this meeting. However, the game went into double overtime before the Ravens upset the Broncos in what came to be known as “The Mile-High Miracle.” After the game, a very emotional Ray Lewis, the Ravens’ Hall-of-Fame linebacker, attributed their victory to his faith, saying, “No weapon formed against us shall prosper. No weapon. No weapon. No weapon. God is amazing. And when you believe in Him…Man believes in the possible, but God believes in the impossible.”

Ray loosely quoted Isaiah 54:17: “No weapon that is fashioned against you shall succeed, and you shall refute every tongue that rises against you in judgment. This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord and their vindication from me, declares the Lord.” This is one of the best-sounding verses in the Bible. Who doesn’t want to believe every weapon and accusation against them will fail?

The context of the verse is God’s promise to destroy the nation of Israel’s enemies in the future. Ray Lewis, in a metaphorical sense, made his team into Israel and the Denver Broncos into Israel’s enemies. Perhaps “every weapon” referred to the Broncos’ offensive and defensive weapons, such as Pro Bowl selections quarterback Peyton Manning, offensive tackle Ryan Clady, cornerback Champ Bailey, and linebacker Von Miller. Maybe “every tongue” referred to the Broncos’ offensive and defensive coordinators’ coaching during the game.

Although Ray meant well, instead of God vindicating Israel against their enemies so that His promises to His covenant people are maintained, Ray told the nationally televised audience that God wanted to give the Ravens victory over the Broncos.

Ray Lewis quoted Isaiah 54:17, but the most popular verse among athletes is Philippians 4:13, which reads, “I can do all things through him who strengthens me.” Well-meaning athletes are interviewed after winning a big game. They are excited and want to give God credit, so they quote Philippians 4:13. When all-star running back Adrian Peterson tore his ACL, he said, “This is a blessing in disguise. I’ll come back stronger and better than I was before…I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me.”

You can find Philippians 4:13 on posters and other inspirational art, keychains, rings, buttons, t-shirts, stickers, postcards, bracelets, and handbags. Like Isaiah 54:17, the verse is popular because it sounds wonderful. On the surface, you will be able to do anything you’ve ever wanted to do. The verse is a blank check for whatever you want: a slogan of personal empowerment, a declaration of self-achievement, ambition, and accomplishment, and a motivating motto for prosperity, advancement, and success.

I know I sound critical of people misusing this verse. You might say, “They are trying to give God glory. How can you give them a hard time?” Whenever people misinterpret Scripture—even well-meaningly—it is problematic. Those listening are left with nagging questions, such as “Did God care who won the game? Did the winning team have more faith or commit more time to prayer? Did the losing team have more heathens or atheists?”

Picture a young man watching his favorite athlete on television, and he thinks, “This is wonderful. I can also do all things through Christ who strengthens me! As long as I have enough faith, I will win at everything from now on!” Then he plays in the big game and wonders: “Why did I lose? Did I not have as much faith as that athlete on television? Was God pleased with him, but he is displeased with me? Was God unable to give me the strength I needed?”

The Background to Paul Writing, “I Have Learned in All Things to Be Content”

If Philippians 4:13 meant we would be given the strength to do everything we ever wanted, how would you picture Paul when he wrote it? He was victorious, conquering the world, and his life could not be better. The truth is he was a prisoner! From an earthly perspective, it didn’t look like he was winning. It looked like he was losing.

Paul was incarcerated in Rome for two years, probably in a small apartment that was more like a cell. Acts 28:16 says a soldier guarded him, and Acts 28:30 says he could receive visitors, but otherwise, he was isolated. He could not move around, so he lost the freedom to work and minister in the capacity that he did previously. He anticipated a trial before Nero, and as he wrote in Philippians 1:20-21, it could result in his death. F.B. Meyer wrote that Paul was “deprived of every comfort, and cast as a lonely man on the shores of the great strange metropolis with every movement of his hand clanking a [chain] and nothing before him but the lion’s mouth or the sword.”1

During these difficult circumstances, the Philippians heard of Paul’s imprisonment and helped meet his needs. He responded:

I rejoiced in the Lord greatly that now at length you have revived your concern for me. You were indeed concerned for me, but you had no opportunity. Not that I am speaking of being in need, for I have learned in whatever situation I am to be content. I know how to be brought low, and I know how to abound. In any and every circumstance, I have learned the secret of facing plenty and hunger, abundance and need (Philippians 4:10-12).

Paul expressed his appreciation for the Philippians’ generous gift and concern for him, but he did something we wouldn’t expect. He told them he didn’t need it: “Not that I am speaking of being in need.” It is not that he was not needy—he most certainly was—but he learned to be content.

Let’s understand why Paul was rejoicing. Did he rejoice because he was miserable, and if they had not come to his rescue, he would not have made it? Not at all. His rejoicing was not caused by relief: “Thank you so much. Now I will finally be okay!” Instead, he rejoiced because of their love for him. He said, “I would have been fine without your gift because I have learned to be content in any situation, but I rejoice because you are concerned for me.” This is not how people typically respond to generosity! Imagine saying this the next time someone gives you a gift.

Paul responded this way, not because he wanted to seem ungrateful, but because he wanted the Philippians (and us!) to know his contentment did not depend on them. No matter what happened in Paul’s life (“in any and every circumstance”), whether suffering (“in need…brought low…hunger”) or prospering (“abound…plenty…abundance”), he was content.

Paul’s Credibility to Write “I Have Learned in All Things to Be Content”

Paul had the credibility to say, “I have learned in all things to be content we can be content,” because he suffered so much. In 2 Corinthians 11:23-27, he wrote:

With far greater labors, far more imprisonments, countless beatings, often near death. Five times I received…forty lashes less one. Three times I was beaten with rods. Once I was stoned. Three times I was shipwrecked; a night and a day I was adrift at sea; on frequent journeys, in danger from rivers, danger from robbers, danger from my own people, danger from Gentiles, danger in the city, danger in the wilderness, danger at sea, danger from false brothers; in toil and hardship, through many a sleepless night, in hunger and thirst, often without food, in cold and exposure.

In 1 Timothy 6:8, Paul wrote that we should be content with food, clothing, and shelter. But Paul went without these. He was content with less than what he told us we needed to be content! Consider this account from his life:

The crowd joined in attacking [Paul and Silas], and the magistrates tore the garments off them and gave orders to beat them with rods. And when they had inflicted many blows, they threw them into prison, ordering the jailer to keep them safely. Having received this order, he put them into the inner prison and fastened their feet in the stocks. About midnight Paul and Silas were praying and singing hymns to God, and the prisoners were listening to them (Acts 16:22-24).

When you have been stripped, severely beaten, thrown in prison, and chained up, you know you are “in need and brought low,” as Philippians 4:12 describes. We would expect to read that they were sobbing and praying for help, but instead, they “were praying and singing hymns to God.” People who suffer this much but respond this way have learned how to be content. Excluding Christ Himself, Paul was the master of contentment. Here are four things we can learn from him about what contentment is and is not.

First, Contentment Is Learned

Sometimes, we look at people and think, “It must be nice to be them. They are so content. I wish I were like that. Sadly, God made me a miserable, discontent person.” However, contentment is not something fortunate people are born with, while others are not. Instead, contentment must be learned. Paul wrote, “I have learned in whatever situation I am to be content…I have learned the secret of facing plenty and hunger, abundance and need” (Philippians 4:11-12). Two verses earlier, Paul wrote, “What you have learned and received and heard and seen in me—practice these things, and the God of peace will be with you” (Philippians 4:9). We are to follow Paul’s example and practice what he did.

Second, Contentment Is a Choice Versus a Feeling

The world tempts us to look at certain words un-biblically. For example, the world thinks being patient means being good at waiting. If people are patient, they don’t mind sitting at red lights or standing in line at the store. Because they are patient, when the cashier apologizes for the long wait, they smile and say, “No problem at all. It just gave me time to recite Scripture and pray for different people.”

Biblically, patience is synonymous with endurance, perseverance, and longsuffering, which is how the Greek word for patience, hypomonē, is often translated:

  • In the NKJV, James 1:3 reads, “The testing of your faith produces patience (hypomonē)
  • The NIV reads, “produces perseverance (hypomonē)”
  • The NASB reads, “produces endurance (hypomonē)”
  • The ESV reads, “produces steadfastness (hypomonē)”

Being patient means handling trials and mistreatment without getting upset or becoming offended. Ephesians 4:2 says, “With all humility and gentleness, with patience, bearing with one another in love.” Being patient means graciously putting up with people.

Similarly, the world wants us to believe love is a feeling we have no control over. Cupid comes to mind. He shoots people with arrows, and they fall in love, which is why they can also supposedly fall out of love. People walk along, they trip, and the next thing they know, they unexpectedly and unwillingly lose feelings for their spouse and develop feelings for someone else. A man could tell his wife he didn’t mean to develop feelings for his coworker: “I didn’t mean any of this. We kept running into each other in the hallway and the break room, and before I knew it, I fell in love with her. I no longer love you.” But the Bible teaches love is a choice over which we have complete control.

We choose whether to love people by our actions, which is why we can love our enemies, as Matthew 5:44 commands. The “Love Chapter” is filled with verbs (action words) listing what love does and does not do versus adjectives describing feelings:

Love is patient and kind; love does not envy or boast; it is not arrogant or rude. It does not insist on its own way; it is not irritable or resentful; it does not rejoice at wrongdoing, but rejoices with the truth. Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things (1 Corinthians 13:4-7).

Contentment is like love; we think it is a feeling that comes and goes based on our experiences. But the Bible also presents contentment as a choice. We can choose to be content regardless of what we are experiencing.

After publishing Your Marriage God’s Way, I received invitations to put on marriage conferences. Whether from conversations at the conferences, marriage counseling I perform as a pastor, or emails I receive from people, I can tell many people are discontent with their husband or wife. I know it might not be easy, but they could choose to be content, accept their spouse for who they are, view them as their best friend, and thank God He allows them to enjoy life together. Instead, their discontentment leads them to spend years trying to change their husband or wife (something only the Holy Spirit can do). Hypothetically, let’s say people could change their spouse. Would it be worth all the years of fighting, nagging, and complaining? Probably not. Instead, it is best to be content:

A wife, if she is very generous, may allow that her husband lives up to perhaps eighty percent of her expectations. There is always the other twenty percent that she would like to change, and she may chip away at it for the whole of their married life without reducing it by very much. She may, on the other hand, simply decide to enjoy the eighty percent, and both of them will be happy.

Kathy Collard Miller, Why Do I Put So Much Pressure on Myself and Others?, Salem Author Services, 2003, Page 77.

What is this quote really about? It is about choosing to be content with a spouse. This is made easier by remembering that our husband or wife would love to change things about us. We are not easy to be married to, and thinking otherwise is a sign of self-deception and pride. Maybe you are saying, “How could you know this about me when you’ve never met me?” I know this because the Bible says all of us are sinful and selfish.

Third, Contentment Is not the Absence of Trials

Sometimes, people associate contentment with not suffering. If our life is going well, we are content but discontent if we experience a trial. If this were true, nobody could be content because trials are part of life on this side of heaven. Jesus said, “In the world you will have tribulation” (John 16:33). Paul said, “Through many tribulations we must enter the kingdom of God” (Acts 14:22), and “You…know that we are destined for [afflictions]” (1 Thessalonians 3:3). James 1:2 says, “when you fall into various trials…” versus “if you…”

People expecting the Christian life to be carefree are in for a shock. This is why it is terrible to tell people, “If you become a Christian, Jesus will make your life wonderful!” When they experience trials, there are only three possibilities. They will…

  1. be upset with you later, feeling like you lied to them
  2. be angry with Jesus for not making their life perfect like you said He would
  3. think Christianity is untrue because if Jesus were real, He would not have let this happen

Instead, we should expect trials and tell others to do the same. Peter said, “Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery trial when it comes upon you to test you, as though something strange were happening to you” (1 Peter 4:12). The Greek word for “strange” is xenizō, and it means, “astonished or shocked.” We should not be astonished or shocked by trials, but often, this is how we feel. We ask, “How could this happen to me?” Instead, we should ask, “Because I know trials are part of the Christian life, how can I learn to be content in this situation?”

Fourth, Contentment Is not the Same as Happiness

Imagine people sitting on a beach, getting a promotion at work, having a child, seeing a long-lost friend, receiving encouraging medical test results, or purchasing something they have always wanted. They might say, “I’m so content right now,” but they mean, “I’m so happy right now.” Happiness comes from circumstances. If they weren’t enjoying these experiences, they would not be happy.

Contentment is independent of circumstances. Think of Paul singing hymns in prison. He was content, not because of his experiences, but despite them. We must learn to be content when:

  • Instead of being on a beach, we are in a hot, stuffy car stuck in traffic.
  • Instead of getting the promotion, we lost our job.
  • Instead of having a child, we experienced a miscarriage.
  • Instead of being blessed by a friend, we were betrayed.
  • Instead of receiving encouraging test results, they were terrifying.
  • Instead of purchasing what we always wanted, we lost our home in a fire.

In these situations, we would not say, “Oh, I’m so happy right now,” but we don’t have to because the Bible doesn’t command us to be happy. Ecclesiastes 3:14 says there is “a time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance.” But whether we are happy or sad—as Paul wrote in Philippians 4:12, whether we are “brought low [or abounding]”—we are content.

James 1:2 says, “My brethren, count it all joy when you fall into various trials.” The word when (versus if) also communicates the inevitability of trials. Does this mean we should be happy in trials or when “in need, brought low, or hungering” (Philippians 4:12)? No. James does not say to feel joy (or happiness). Instead, he says to “count it all joy,” or some translations say, “consider” or “reckon,” because we must choose to view trials oppositely of the way they make us feel. Trials cause us sorrow and sadness; therefore, we must “count” or choose to view them with joy because we know God will produce good from them.

The Greek word for “count” is hēgeomai, meaning “to lead, command, have authority over. Here are a few examples:

  • Matthew 2:6—Bethlehem…out of you shall come a Ruler (hēgeomai) Who will shepherd My people Israel.
  • Acts 7:10—[Pharaoh] made [Moses] governor (hēgeomai) over Egypt.
  • Hebrews 13:17—Obey those who rule (hēgeomai) over you, and be submissive, for they watch out for your souls.

We can’t control our trials, but we can control how we respond to them. We can rule or govern them by choosing to be content.

“I Have Learned in All Things to Be Content” Even When Prospering

There is one part of Paul’s words that might seem odd. We expect him to say he learned to be content when suffering because that’s when it is hard to be content. However, he also wrote that he learned to be content when prospering: “I know how to be brought low, and I know how to abound. In any and every circumstance, I have learned the secret of facing plenty and hunger, abundance and need” (Philippians 4:12). The words abound, plenty, and abundance refer to prosperity.

So, why would Paul write that he learned to be content when prospering? There is a danger when prospering: forgetting that we need the Lord! We feel sufficient without him. Our contentment is misplaced. We find it in our finances, health, relationships, or possessions instead of in Christ. We must learn to be content when prospering because that is when we are most tempted to feel content without the Lord.

People often become religious when they are suffering. They might never have prayed, but even the most unspiritual people can become spiritual when things get bad enough. As the saying goes, “There are no atheists in foxholes.” It is easy to look for God in the valleys. It can be harder for people to find Him on the hilltops. Warren Wiersbe said, “Prosperity (or abounding) has done more damage to believers than adversity.”2 Jesus told the Laodiceans, or Lukewarm Church, “You say, ‘I am rich, I have prospered, and I need nothing,’ not realizing that you are wretched, pitiable, poor, blind, and naked” (Revelation 3:17). They “prospered,” thought they had everything, and “[needed] nothing.” Sadly, they didn’t even need Christ. They didn’t know how to be content when abounding.

Don’t Give Me…Riches?

Proverbs 30:8-9 records, “Remove far from me falsehood and lying; give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with the food that is needful for me, lest I be full and deny you and say, “Who is the Lord?” or lest I be poor and steal and profane the name of my God.” The author asked to have poverty removed from his life. The dangers of having too little are obvious, and he listed them: stealing to get what we want and anger with God for not providing well enough. However, the author also asked not to be rich. Why would he say this? Who doesn’t want wealth? People who think wealth will lead them away from the Lord, that’s who! Agur knew if he prospered too much, he might forget the Lord, so he asked, “Give me just what I need; no more, no less.”

Christ Strengthens Us to Do “All Things” He Wants Us to Do

Now that we know the background of Philippians 4:13, we can interpret it correctly: “I can do all things through [Christ] who strengthens me.” Paul said, “I can do all things.” This is about doing. It is active versus passive. Because the Lord doesn’t give us the strength to fly, lift 1,000 pounds, get a perfect score on an IQ test, or obtain everything we want, what are “all [the] things” we can do? We can do all the things the Lord wants us to do. Consider these other translations of Philippians 4:13:

  • The Amplified Bible: “I can do all things [which He has called me to do] through Him who strengthens and empowers me [to fulfill His purpose—I am self-sufficient in Christ’s sufficiency; I am ready for anything and equal to anything through Him who infuses me with inner strength and confident peace.]”
  • The Living Bible: “I can do everything God asks me to with the help of Christ who gives me the strength and power.”

The Greek word for “strengthens” is dynamis, which means “to put power in.” It is related to our English word, dynamite. Because we are in Christ, He infuses us with strength to do what He wants us to do:

  • “According to the riches of his glory he may grant you to be strengthened with power through his Spirit…so that…you…may have strength to comprehend…the breadth and length and height and depth, [of] the love of Christ” (Ephesians 3:16-19).
  • “[The Lord] said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for My strength is made perfect in weakness.” Therefore most gladly I will rather boast in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in needs, in persecutions, in distresses, for Christ’s sake. For when I am weak, then I am strong” (2 Corinthians 12:9-10 NKJV)

First Timothy 1:12 reads, “I thank him who has given me strength, Christ Jesus our Lord, because he judged me faithful, appointing me to his service.” Paul thanked Christ for giving him strength to serve him in ministry. Toward the end of Paul’s life, in his last recorded words, he described all the people who abandoned him: “No one came to stand by me, but all deserted me…But the Lord stood by me and strengthened me, so that through me the message might be fully proclaimed and all the Gentiles might hear it. So I was rescued from the lion’s mouth” (2 Timothy 4:16-17). This was a dark time in Paul’s life. It would have been difficult for anyone to be content. But Christ strengthened Paul so he could do all Christ wanted him to do, in this case, preaching the Gospel. The same is true for us: Christ strengthens us to do “all things” He wants us to do.

A Tale of Two Interviews

Let’s contrast Ray Lewis’s interview with another interview. The background to this second interview is the July 27, 2009, cover of Sports Illustrated, featuring Tim Tebow in his football uniform with a determined look. On the black under his eyes, he wrote, “Phil 4:13.” During an interview, Kurt Warner asked Tim for his favorite Bible verse. Tim replied that it was Philippians 4:13 and then defined it this way:

I’d say the biggest thing with Philippians 4:13 is so many people, pastors included, believe the verse means, “I can do a lot of things.” What I believe it really means, in context, is I can do all things, meaning I can handle all things. Whatever position God’s put me in. Maybe it is poverty, maybe it is a sickness, my kid’s sick, God’s going to give me the strength to handle that. So, I think it is more talking about handling adversity than handling praise or accomplishing much. It is talking about, “I can do all things,” meaning all negative things: I can handle them all because of Christ.

Tim had a tremendous college football career. He was the first sophomore to win the prestigious Heisman Trophy and an integral member of two national championship teams. If anyone could have misinterpreted Philippians 4:13, it was Tim, but he explained the verse well.

A Better Time to Quote Philippians 4:13

When people quote Philippians 4:13 after something wonderful, they often turn the verse on its head. Do we need Christ to strengthen us when things go wonderfully? We need Christ’s strength when things go terribly. Out of context, the verse means our wildest dreams come true. In context, the verse means we are given the strength to be content in any circumstance.

How much more powerful would Philippians 4:13 sound if it was quoted after losing the big game? The interviewer puts his microphone in the athlete’s face: “Your team has worked hard all season. It came down to this. What a heartbreaking loss. How are you going to handle this?” The athlete responds, “I will handle this the same way I handle everything, and that’s through my relationship with the Lord. I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me.”

Imagine something considerably more serious, such as a young man lying in a hospital bed. He’s dying of a disease, and he asks to have Philippians 4:13 over his bed. Someone walks into the room, sees the verse on the wall, misunderstands it, and says, “Wow, you have so much faith. That’s great. You believe Christ is going to heal you of this disease!”

The young man replies, “No, I don’t know if the Lord will heal me. But I know Christ will give me strength no matter what happens.” Like Daniel’s friends who, when threatened with the fiery furnace, replied, “Our God whom we serve might deliver us or He might not. Either way, we will not worship your statue” (Daniel 3:16-18).

The “Secret” to Being Able to Say, “Writing, “I Have Learned in All Things to Be Content”

Paul said, “I have learned the secret of being content” (Philippians 4:12 NIV). Not to sound overly simple, but a secret is something only a few people know. It is hidden from everyone else.

If people listened to the young man in the hospital, they might wonder, “Why is he so strong? How can he handle this so well?” His strength is hidden from them. It surely was not physical strength because he was physically weak. Instead, it was spiritual strength from Christ. The secret of being content is receiving the strength Christ provides. People who know Christ know this secret.

Roots that Go Down Deep into Christ

A tree’s roots stretch out to gather needed resources. When uprooted, a tree’s root system is revealed to be surprisingly vast. We only see the tree above ground, but the roots below ground, which go unnoticed, provide the strength. Similarly, the most important part of Christian contentment is the part nobody sees—the strength Christ provides. We must have roots that go down deep into Christ to obtain the strength needed to be content.

Contentment does not come naturally through human effort. Instead, it comes supernaturally from Christ. Contentment isn’t developed through mystical or transcendental behavior. Instead, it develops practically. We spend time with Christ in prayer. We spend time with the church, the manifestation of Christ in His physical absence because to be with the church is to be with Christ. We repent of sin that compromises our relationship with Christ. We read the Word to know Christ better and obey Him. Jesus said, “Everyone then who hears these words of mine and does them will be like a wise man who built his house on the rock. And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house, but it did not fall, because it had been founded on the rock” (Matthew 7:24-25). Both houses received Christ’s teaching in the parable, but the one that obeyed had roots going down into Him.

How Good is Christ?

We don’t want our contentment depending on circumstances because they change. We want our contentment depending on something—or Someone—unchanging: Christ who “is the same yesterday and today and forever” (Hebrews 13:8):

Self-sufficiency is Satan’s net, wherein he catches men, like poor silly fish, and destroys them. Be not self-sufficient. Think yourselves nothing, for you are nothing, and live by God’s help. The way to grow strong in Christ is to become weak in yourself. God pours no power into man’s heart till man’s power is all poured out. Live, then, daily, a life of dependence on the grace of God.

Charles Spurgeon

Because God commands us to be content, discontentment is disobedient, and disobedience is sin. A correct understanding of Philippians 4:13 gives us a window into the Gospel. Christ is so good that He strengthens us to obey (be content) and saves us from the punishment we deserve when we sin (are discontentment).


  1. F.B. Meyer, The Epistle to the Philippians, Baker, 1952, page 242.
  2. Warren W. Wiersbe, The Bible Exposition Commentary – Volume 2, David C. Cook, 2003, Page 97.

2 Responses

  1. This is a very good subject that should be revisited from time to time as our lives play out into old age when we might want to be even crankier. The future looks like everyone will have more difficulty to contend with until we endure our last, possibly lonely, breath. It will certainly make us better witnesses. Thanks, Scott, for covering this tricky subject.

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